Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Choosing Good Creating an Outline for a Research Paper The best sort of essay starts with the very best sort of topic, so take time to choose something which works for you. On the flip side, there isn't anything wrong with getting assistance from a very good consultant on the proper outline format. For a history paper on a particular time frame, you might decide to organize your paper around different facets of that period of time, like politics, social problems, or the use of women. You might also state what sort of approach it is you will use in your paper for the full discussion of your topic. New Ideas Into Creating an Outline for a Research Paper Never Before Revealed With a very good idea of the means by which the paper will go and the way to transition between your paragraphs or ideas, you are not going to stray from the home path and run into a corner. Should you need expert writing help, don't hesitate to visit EssayPro.com. When preparing a paper, there might be sev eral ideas you'd love to discuss or elaborate on but aren't sure of how to organize all of these. There are a couple tips on how to compose your abstract but the very best advice is that you look at some journals applicable to your research and attempt to format your abstract in a similar way. Who Else Wants to Learn About Creating an Outline for a Research Paper? Research proposals are extremely often underestimated. An individual should realize that every Research Paper is a sophisticated writing because it must contain distinctive research and distinctive idea. Writing a research paper is as critical as performing the true research or experiment itself and can seem to be an extremely daunting endeavor. Completing an MLA outline will make sure your research paper format is accurate. The magnitude of a research essay is impressive also. Basically, APA format is utilized in the social sciences. however, it isn't only limited to social sciences alone. You need to plan well to make a very good essay outline. Writing an outline is a rather effective method to think through how you'll organize and present the info in your essay. You also ought to go through the essay template to learn more on the subject of essay structure ones your outline is completed. Hearsay, Lies and Creating an Outline for a Research Paper Nobody will argue that It's quite challenging to compose an academic paper if there's no structure for it. An excellent way to begin is by producing a compelling and creative title. If you don't have a great template or outline structure, there are tons of good alternatives available all around the world wide web, so look there! Settle on which number format you want to use. Creating an Outline for a Research Paper - Dead or Alive? Writing an outline before proceeding to create a paper is genuinely an important stage for more or less any author. To begin, you will want a great topic and a strong focus so as to acquire your paper outline rolling. Yup, the very first tip is you ought ton't skip the practice of producing an outline. Still, it's best to begin with an outline, and you're ready to go. You might also see resume outline. You will locate an outline quite valuable. Besides a report outline and a presentation outline, a research paper outline is among the most frequent types of outlines you're very likely to encounter in any particular field. So, creation of an outline ought to be the next step after you've decided on your topic. You might also see speech outline. An outline is an overall plan of what it is you're likely to write you pare making an outline making an outline in an official outline, roman numerals may be used to. Here's What I Know About Creating an Outline for a Research Paper Even a cursory examination of the subject of academic writers will create various websites. The introduction describes the primary purpose of the writing. An outline aids in keeping track of all of the information, thus making the total job of writing the academic paper simpler. Creating an Outline for a Research Paper Features Should you do the research paper outline well, you'll have done the majority of the work and the following step will be so much simpler! When you've concluded your paper and are prepared for publication, it is also possible to use an outline to help you in making a table of contents for your paper. Every paper will differ, and the organization will be contingent on the subject you're writing about. It's especially useful when it regards a huge research paper of some type of academic essay that's big enough in dimension. Basic and a strategy to compose a research paper will gain from your paper. Thinking through your ideas and getting them organized on paper before you get started writing will make the entire process simpler for you and also help to make your paper clear and simple to read. Outlines are usually necessary for approval prior to you proceed to your present paper but in instances exactly where it isn't, it nonetheless is worth it to make an outline to ensure your present paper is each complete and coherent. If you intend to write for a particular journal, an excellent advice is to look at the research paper outline of a few of the articles to have a better idea on the best way to compose your article. Things You Should Know About Creating an Outline for a Research Paper After reading the thesis, there ought to be no doubt precisely what the research will be about. A capstone project, which is also referred to as a culmination undertaking, is utilised to demonstrate your abilities a nd what you've learned from studying. There are various styles so that your instructor can supply the essential information about what to utilize for your undertaking.
Friday, May 15, 2020
1) By reading through the text of extraction, in a nutshell it implies the dissatisfaction borne by the receptionist due to working as a machine not as a human. According to the cited text, the receptionist has innate notion that she was a cog of wheel of conceptual machine. What is the origin of this dissatisfaction? Philosopher Carl Marx stated that emerged because of estranged labour and alienation from the world. He formed his conceptualization of estrangement of labour which helped to identify what caused the dissatisfaction of the labour. Karl Marx believed that the society is divided into classes as propertied and propertyless; everything is considered in terms of utility or commodity and price in the capitalism. MarxÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Those are concisely described as follows. 1. Estrangement of worker from what he produces. Even though the worker produced, the worker is too small in comparison to the product that they created and they do not have right to possess it or use it. What the worker produced is appropriated by capitalists and therefore the worker is exploited. In the text of the question, the receptionist felt the rules were structured and her creativity is harnessed by the others, capitalists. She lost her natural creativity forever .Therefore she is deprived from getting what she wanted as a human. 2. Estrangement of workers from the act of producing itself The products and the way to produce are designed not by the actual worker or by the consumers but the capitalists. Indeed, Workers do not have the control over what they produced regarding the value or effect. Therefore, the workers feel that they were controlled by the capitalists by abstracting their intellect and the creativity in exchange of wages for maximizing the profit of labours. Basically, the workers benefited from nature for the acquisition of raw material and sustenance for their utilizations. But in the system of capitalists, capitalists appropriate that nature and deprived from taking above advantages. This is considered as another kind of exploitation of this kind of estrangement. The labour of the worker isShow MoreRelatedSociological Theories Of Global Climate Change1611 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesnothing without nature, without the sensual external world. It is the material on which his labor is realized, in which it is active, from which and by means of which it produc es.Ã¢â¬ So, it can be said that the more the worker, by his labor, extracts the means of subsistence from nature, the more he loses his means of life from the nature in two ways: 1. The nature ceases to be an object belonging to workerÃ¢â¬â¢s labor; 2. The nature ceases to be means for the physical subsistence of the worker. In this wayRead MoreEssay on Labor and Alienation1718 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Political economy conceals the estrangement inherent in the nature of labor by not considering the direct relationship between the worker (labor) and productionÃ¢â¬ (Pg. 30). According to Marx, human nature is neither fixed nor transcendent; instead, it is alterable and embedded in the productivity of everyday life. The only fixed attribute that we have is our openness. We are different from other animal species in the sense that we are able to adapt to different natural environments by creating aRead MoreUnderstanding Marx s Alienation Theory1217 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagestwo societies are property owners and laborers. Capitalistic systems will eventually being to create alienated labor when it separates a worker from their ownerÃ¢â¬â¢s personal reality. This might not be intentional, but it will happen regardless. Unfortunately alienation within a society can only lead to ciaos. Alienation only beings to occur when individuals being to regard their own labor and as a result workers become hostile to their own society and life. Karl Marx identifies four different typesRead MoreAlienation of Process according to Karl Marx651 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe entrepreneur, who owns the amenities used to make the product, has power over the labor of the workers. Therefore, entrepreneurs have the say as how the product should be developed. As a result, any completed or incomplete product is left at the hands of the entrepreneur rather than the maker. This leads to another form of alienation known as estrangement. Alienation from the product one makes, or estrangement, refers to the relationship of the manufactured goods and the maker. The proletariatRead MoreThe Natural Nature Of Human Beings1693 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescreated and that is what led to the process of division of labor which has brought a system or organization in which we see ranks in a society. The system developed to the extent that someone has to be at the top in other to control those at the bottom and also led to the barter system where money were being use in exchange of commodities, (Ã¢â¬ We now have to grasp the essential connection between private property, greed, the separation of labor, capital and landed property, exchange and competition, valueRead MoreThe Economic And Philosophic Manuscripts Of 18441592 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 was not published in Karl MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s lifetime. It is a series of fragmentary notes. Part of these notes is a p iece called Ã¢â¬Å"Estranged LaborÃ¢â¬ . In this piece Marx rarely disputes the alienation of the bourgeoisie and focuses on the alienation of the proletariat relating to the hard work in factories in a capitalist society. I believe Marx is correct on his point of workers during his time and even so, itÃ¢â¬â¢s still relatable to today;Read MoreMarx s Theory Of Capitalism882 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescapitalism as a dangerous and unstable economic system. Marx only saw commercialized society as a self-interested and competitive he only saw that this selfishness and competition would only cause separation, phenomena Marx referred to as Ã¢â¬Å"estrangement of laborÃ¢â¬ in other words, an ostracism of people their work, their relationship to other people and the alienation of mankind from itself. Marx did not merely critique the infrastructure of capitalism but also looked at its effects, specifically toRead MoreThe Concept Of Individual Liberty1299 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesexploited by the bourgeoisie) are forced into labor with the sole purpose of making a living, instead of actually being proud and enjoying what they have produced. Humans are naturally creative and working animals that are meant to enjoy the fruits of their labor instead of being considered in terms of value. When Mill refers to the importance of individuality and nonconformity being of the utmost importance, he is indirectly upholding the commodification of la bor because it puts self-interest as our onlyRead MoreThe Marxist Concept Of Communism1735 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescreating a product, and then reaping the benefits of his own labor, under the bourgeoisie the worker is forced to do menial labor to create products he will never own. Marx categorizes this working class as Ã¢â¬Å"a class of labourers, who live only so long as they can find work, and work only so long as their labour increases capitalÃ¢â¬ (Marx, 18). Marx asserts that the capitalist system forces the worker to sell himself as nothing more than labor, dehumanizing and devaluing himself with every product he createsRead MoreMarx s Criticism Of Capitalism1282 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessociety. MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s Criticisms of Capitalism Estrangement of Man from Man Under capitalism, Marx claims Ã¢â¬Å"the more powerful becomes the alien world of objects which he creates over and against himself, the poorer he himself-his inner world-becomes, the less belongs to him as his ownÃ¢â¬ (702). The more workers produce, the more they experience estrangement from the world. This alienation is a result of workers not being able to relate to their own products of labor. They do not own it, cannot relate to it
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Introduction Martin Luther King Jr., an American Baptist minister, African-American civil rights activist, and non-violent protest leader, once said, Ã¢â¬Å"Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhereÃ¢â¬ (Ali-Dinar 1963 p.1). Such an iconic and fearless leader recognized the unjust behavior within society as a result of racially motivated police brutality and societal discrimination. Though his efforts were not in vain, todayÃ¢â¬â¢s media representation of law enforcement impacts the societal cultivation of police officers in a negative way. Media outlets, in the forms of television, radio, or social websites, create a cynical view of police officers, which influences societal beliefs and creates negative connotations. These days, police are often stereotyped as aggressive, corrupt beings. The growing hatred for police officers widens the divide between citizens and law enforcement, causing tension and intensely aggressive feelings on both ends. The recent shootings of young African-American men have also added to the societal hatred of law enforcement. Through media exposure, these shootings have been portrayed as cruel, often times revealing the victim to be an unarmed man. Unfortunately, society is not receiving all of the information, which has resulted in riots and the Black Lives Matter campaign. These riots are aggressive, resulting in the destruction of communities and an overall disregard for societal safety. By analyzing media coverage, this paper will reveal how theShow MoreRelatedThe Violence Of Police Officers1268 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesindividuals being killed by police officers, it has now brought national attention to the seriousness of these events that should be addressed. One of the most notable event that caught the attention of the media and the public was the fatal shooting of Michael Brown. He was an unarmored black male that was shot and killed by a white police officer in Ferguson, Missouri. This was not the first or the last time an unarmed person was killed by a law enforcement officer, it was an event that appearedRead MorePolice Officers And Domestic Violence1452 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPolice Officers respond to calls of domesti c violence all the time. They break up the fights, they talk to both parties, they either make an arrest or they give a warning. They are out on the streets, protecting everyone from violent criminals, gangs, and are always there to help us. Who helps the families and the victims of domestic violence when a Police Officer is the perpetrator? During a study in the early 90Ã¢â¬â¢s, out of 728 officers who were surveyed, 40% of them had lost control and acted inRead MoreThree Ways Police and Probation Officers can Reduce Gang Violence1334 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPolice and probation officers use two words to describe their jobs, to protect and to serve. Not only do they put their lives in danger every day, but also help the community in more ways than one. Some ways that police and probation officers can help lower gang violence is by implementing laws more accordingly, establishing a relationship with troubled youth, and creating programs that benefit their well-being. The root of gang violence all begins at home and then spreads. A troubled teen mayRead MoreThe Relationship Between Police Officers And Citizens Essay1539 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesone person believes to be true will be true to them, regardless of what others might think. Blame and perception are two subjects that go hand in hand. This is seen in many aspects of American culture, particularly in the relationship between police officers and citizens. When it comes to this relationship, people tend to take on very strong opinions either in defense of one group or in accusation of another. The viewpoints people take typically depend on which of the two groups they perceive toRead MorePolice Culture and the Use of Violence: A Qualitative Study Proposal1331 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPolice Culture and the Use of Violence: A Qualitative Study Proposal Students Name Course Title June 23, 2013 Police Culture and the Use of Violence: A Qualitative Study Proposal The use of violence by police officers is a widespread concern. Violence swept across the City of Los Angeles after not guilty verdicts were handed down for officers charged with beating Rodney King (Ramos, 1992). While allegations of racially-motivated police brutality are common in this city, the riots were triggeredRead MoreThe Law Enforcement Oath Of Honor1540 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAs a police officer you put your life on the line every day, you need to be willing to take risks sometimes be put at a disadvantage to protect the lives, defend civil rights and liberties, and they undergo risks and tolerate such inconveniences on behalf of strangers on a daily basis. As a result, police work has become one of the most prideful and selfless occupations in society. Making a difference in the quality of life of others is an opportunity that policing provides, and few other lines ofRead MoreDomestic Violence By Law Enforcement Officers1531 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Domestic Violence by Law Enforcement Officers: A Review on Police Brutality Joette Jackson Dr. Khalfani Sociology 101-008 April 1, 2015 Domestic altercation contributes the largest category of calls received by the po-lice annually. It is not surprising considering the vast number of womb who are abused by their significant others. Domestic abuse is a hard pill to swallow, it is a complex issue that plagues a society. Neither parties are likely to come forth with the traumaticRead MoreViolence Is Defined As The Abusive Use Of Force1471 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesViolence is defined as the abusive use of Ã¢â¬Å"forceÃ¢â¬ . One type or another violence has greatly affected one of us, someone we know, and society as a whole. Every day, tons of children under the age of twenty are killed and many of these victims have died by gun wounds. By the age of 18, young people will have viewed an estimated two hundred thousand acts of violence on television. Many people wonder why we live in such a violent society, well because we are surrounded by violence every day, and it mayRead MoreFreedom Of Speech : The Boston Tea Party Essay 1375 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof the police today. After the Vietnam war, President Richard Nixon declared a Ã¢â¬Å"war on drugsÃ¢â¬ in 1971. The consequences of the Ã¢â¬Å"war on drugsÃ¢â¬ is not often discussed. The SWAT team should not be called for a drug bust. There was an incident where a SWAT team stormed in the house of Jonathon Whitworth, his wife and 7-year old son. The tip that they received said that WhitworthÃ¢â¬â¢s house had a large amount of marijuana. The residue that was left on the trash cans was marijuana. Police bargedRead MorePolice Brutality And The United States Essay1408 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPolice brutality in the United States has escalated in recent times. To develop a peaceful environment amongst human beings, one of the main topics to look at is human rights. While more often than not, police brutality violates the concept of human rights it is still a very important task to discuss the topic and create possible solutions to such a concerning and threatening issues in the United States. In this case, statistics is a very important factor that is required to display how serious of
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Diversification as Growth Strategy. Answer: Introduction: It would be correct to say that diversification is one the key corporate strategy to enter a new market. It is believed that diversification strategy is one of the most risky parts of Ansoff market. There are four key parts of Ansoff matrix (Selby, 2015). These four parts are the four strategies to enter a new market. The diversification strategy is used when the firms would launch the new products in the new market. The key part of the differentiation strategy is that both markets and products are new. In the diversification strategy business has no experience in the new market and does not know if the product is going to be successful. Generally the company would use the diversification strategy when it has the funding to take risks and manage the operations in the new market. It is important that the diversification strategies should be aligned well with the mission and vision of the organization. It would be correct to say that diversification strategy is one of the key growth st rategies for organizations. The example of organizations that exhibits diversification strategies can be discussed as: Example: Unilever is a global conglomerate that operates in almost every part of the world. Last year, the company launched a night cream in the Malaysian market (Ardito Ernst, 2015). This is an example of diversification strategy. Example: Toyota is an established automobile player. In the year 2010, the company launched a new car in Bangladesh. It was a new car from Toyota in Bangladesh. This is also an example of diversification strategy. References Ardito, L., Ernst, H. and Petruzzelli, A.M., 2015, January. Technology characteristics, firms diversification strategies, and new product introduction. In Academy of Management Proceedings (Vol. 2015, No. 1, p. 10389). Academy of Management. Selby, J.T., 2015. On the Relationship Between Product Diversification and Firm Performance.
Wednesday, April 15, 2020
Dogs Chomp On More Than Four Million People A Year. Dogs chomp on more than four million people a year. Dont be one of them. Dog bites on the rise Megan Boger of La Belle, Pa., returned from shopping with her mother and ran into the yard to greet the family pet, a part-cocker mutt named Blaze. Seconds later, her mom, Elena Boger, heard a snap and then shrieks from three-year-old Megan. There was blood all over her face from tooth punctures under an eye and around her mouth, she recalls. Elena and her husband rushed their sobbing child to a local hospital. But the injuries were severe enough that the Bogers were sent to Childrens Hospital of Pittsburgh, where a plastic surgeon stitched the gashes. Little Megan is far from alone in having been the victim of a dog bite. According to a 1994 survey (the most recent) by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, some 4.7 million people were bitten by dogs. About 800,000 required medical treatment. Many bites are to children, and most are from family pets or familiar dogs, not strays. Many bites are treated at home or in a doctors office, and as a consequence are often not reported to authorities. Meanwhile, there is no ongoing national system for counting dog bites, says the CDCs Dr. Jeffrey Sacks. In some locales bites are reported to the police, in others to the animal-control folks or the health department. Some counties dont collect data at all. Whatever the exact numbers, medical, veterinary and insurance experts agree: dog bites are on the rise. One reason may be that more people are getting larger, more powerful dogs than in the past. The CDC considers dog bites a serious public-health problem for children. A Pennsylvania study found that 45 percent of children had been bitten. And not only children are at risk. Dog bites are no joke for letter carriers and delivery people. Dog attacks account for a whopping one-third of all liability claims under renter or homeowners insurance policies. The Insurance Information Institute says that dog-bite-related medical treatment costs $1 billion a year. Homeowner-liability claims paid about $250 million of that in 1996. One provider of liability coverage, MetLife Auto & Home, refuses coverage to many homeowners who have dogs with a history of biting or to those who own a breed they believe most prone to bite, including German shepherds, pit bulls, Doberman pinschers, Rottweilers, chows, huskies and Alaskan malamutes. Although any breed can bite, these breeds tend to be responsible for the most bites, the worst bites, and many of the dozen or so dog-bite fatalities every year. How can you protect yourself and your children, and prevent your pet from becoming part of the problem? Some common sense will help: Family Friendly. Bad matches between a dogs temperament and a familys personality are sure to cause trouble. People can fall in love with a cute puppy, then find out six months later that they got more dog than they bargained for or one whose personality is different from what they imagined. Have you ever seen an Akita puppy? asks Diane Allevato, executive director of the Marin County, California, Humane Society. Theyre gorgeous! But chances are that puppy will grow up to be an aloof, one-person or one-family dog. Its the way the dog is supposed to be. So if you wanted a dog the whole soccer team could love, dont choose a loyal-to-one-person dog; he could become a biter. The solution? Find out about the breeds youre interested in before you even glance at a puppy. And consider getting a mixed breed. We promote adopting mixed breeds because you often get the best of both parents, says Allevato. Sit...Stay. In the excitement of picking out a new pet, many people underestimate how much time it takes to train it. Yet experts say any dog requires a continuing commitment to training if theyre going to be under control around people. Thats especially true for more aggressive and bigger dogs. Take Rottweilers, says Pat Hubbard, director of operations at the Humane Society of Southern Arizona. They can make very sweet, loyal family dogs. But you have to be
Thursday, March 12, 2020
How to Write a Good Argumentative Essay How to Write a Good Argumentative Essay A general opinion is that a persuasive essay and argumentative essay is one and the same thing. However, some argue that the argumentative essay has a stronger tone than the persuasive one. They advocate that the argumentative essay is targeting more resistant readers while the persuasive essay inclines to accept its point of view; the argumentative essay strongly implies and advises you to accept the proposal, not even the thesis, claimed in it. It does not matter how we will call it, but it is obvious that the most important thing in writing a good argumentative essay is the strong arguments. The arguments have to be well picked, logical and reasonable in order to make the readers accept the proposal you are outlining in the essay. How to write a good argumentative essay First, find a reasonable and well debatable thesis. In order to make a good argumentative essay you should prepare well. Research a couple of topics for thesis; think about your audience and their reaction. A good argumentative essay must have at least two conflicting points; in order to achieve that, you have to research the topic well and prepare for it. The arguments should be logical, convincing and well laid out in your argumentative essay in order to make it a good one. Structure and body of good argumentative essay The argumentative essay of course starts with an introduction. In the introduction you have to state your point, provide a brief explanation on it as well as background information. Your statement is your thesis and your thesis statement is actually your main argument. A well advocated thesis is a good argumentative essay so once again research and pick your thesis extremely carefully. A strong and clear thesis reaches the readers immediately. A thesis statement can be simple and clearly stated like, for example: Speaking a second language is an advantage because it makes people more competitive, educated, tolerable, well-mannered and smarter than those who speak only their native language. That means you have researched and brainstormed on the topic of learning a second language and you have decided to write an argumentative essay defending that point of view. In the body of the argumentative essay you start by stating your arguments. The tricky part in the argumentative essay is that you have to pick an objection of the topic, but the objection has to prove your thesis again. That is the essence of writing a good argumentative essay using an objection that actually proves your subject. For example, when it comes to studying a second language you can pick up an argument that it is time and money consuming but you can easily oppose that knowing a second language will give you a higher salary and better position; therefore, that expense is reasonable. You can even write down that in the period while you are studying the second language you will not have time to spend money on entertainment, which is also expensive. It is not a question of being cheap on your education as well as professional and personal realization. Expenses are expenses; you will have them no matter what you do; so, spend your money them wisely. See, that is an example how an objection can actually defend your point of view in an argumentative essay. A good argumentative essay must have at least three arguments and two conflicting points. One of them must be the main argument, after that you can give objections and defend it and finally, continue with your arguments. Be careful with picking an objection; do not choose an easy objection to argue about because it will not make your essay convincing and argumentative, therefore it will not be a good argumentative essay. Logical structure and arguments in the body of your essay are essential in writing a good argumentative essay that defends your clearly stated thesis in the introduction. As with every other type of essay you are writing, finish the argumentative one with a conclusion. The conclusion must be strong, convincing and advocating your thesis once again based on everything written so far in the essay. At the end, proofread your essay, check for grammar and spelling mistakes, make sure it is written in a logical and organized manner with the proper transitions.
Tuesday, February 25, 2020
Leadership Skills in Practice - Essay Example Leadership theories are diverse in their nature explaining and establishing different view points on the problem of leadership skills and effective management. Following Boehnke and Bontis (2001) the transforming leader recognizes an existing need for a potential follower, but then moves forward seeking to arouse and satisfy higher needs (in terms of Maslow's need hierarchy) to engage the full person of the follower. The followers themselves may be converted into leaders. The main disadvantage is that the transforming leader is seen as a benevolent father who remains friendly and treats the employee as a child and a less experienced person(Barker 2001). The leader provides a model of integrity and fairness with people as well as being one who set clear and high standards of performance (Segriovanni & Glickman 2006). Other characteristics less frequently mentioned include: seeking others' highest good, treating others with dignity, showing respect for others and genuine interest in th em. A transformational leader can be seen to be firm and to reprimand when necessary, to give autonomy to followers, to encourage self-development of followers, to be participative, to be willing to teach followers, and to mix easily socially with followers (Armandi et al 2003). The advantages of participative (democratic) leadership are that it allows greater independence to employees and values individual culture and uniqueness of everyone. Good administration is the hallmark of good management and the proper and efficient use of resources. Managers become leaders when their personality and character, their knowledge and functional skills of leadership are recognized and accepted by the others involved. The main disadvantage is absence of strong power and influence upon employees. Situational leadership allows organizations to overcome current problems and respond effectively to coming changes. Leadership may be exercised from any direction in the space, or any value location, depending upon the dynamic constellation of the pattern of unification polarization in the group at a particular time, thus, depending upon one's value system, leadership at a given time may be malevolent as well as benevolent. Servant leadership is marked by great responsibility to wards society and his follows, the organization and customer. A person may be appointed or elected as leader with the expectation that he or she will lead in a particular direction or directions of behavior and value realization, but may find that to hold leadership under changing conditions of polarization and unification, he or she must deviate from the expected directions, at times even need to controvert them (Hoyle and Wilmore 2002). In contrast to other theories, servant leader does not respond effectively to economic and social changes limited by social responsibility and ethical issues. All the theories mentioned above, transformational and participative (democratic), servant and situational leadership, can be effectively used Tesco and its management. The effective leader for Tesco stores as the kind of